Nicaragua Flag


Nicaragua on World Map

Continent North America

Region – Central America

Size – 130,370 km²

Geography – interior mountains with coastal plains

Language – Spanish, Indigenous dialects

Religion – Roman Catholic 58.5%, Protestant 23.2%, none 15.7%, other 2.6%

Monetary Unit -Nicaraguan Cordoba


Natural Resources – gold, silver, copper, tungsten, lead, zinc, timber, fish

Agriculture – coffee, bananas, sugarcane, rice, corn, tobacco, cotton, sesame, soya, beans; beef, veal, pork, poultry, dairy products; shrimp, lobsters

Industry – food processing, chemicals, machinery and metal products, knit and woven apparel, petroleum refining and distribution, beverages, footwear, wood, electric wire harness manufacturing, mining

Nicaragua Map

Neighbouring CountriesHonduras, Costa Rica

Population –  5,907,881 (2015 estimate)

Population Growth Rate – 1%

Average Life Expectancy -72.98

Capital City – Managua (951,000)

Highest Mountain Mogoton (2,438m)

Longest River – Coco River (680 km)

Climate – Tropical climate 21°C to 29°C, slightly cooler in highlands

Yearly Rainfall – 250 cm (approx) mostly June to October

Plant Life – Oak, pine, rosewood, rubber, cedar, ebony, mahogany, orchids

Animal Life – Geoffroy’s spider monkey, jaguar, margay, ocelot, three-toed sloth, northern tamandua, armadillo

Bird Life – parrots, motmot, toucan, hummingbird, golden cheeked warbler, great green macaw, guardabarranco

Aquatic Life – Sea turtles, bull shark, sawfish, midas cichlid,


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Nicaragua. Available: Last accessed Tuesday, July 19, 2016

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