Flag of Montenegro


Montenegro shown on World map

Continent Europe

Region – Central Europe, not EU member

Size – 13,812 km²

Geography – mountainous with plateau and narrow coastal plain

Language – Serbian 42.9%, Montenegrin 37% (official), Bosnian 5.3%, Albanian 5.3%, Serb-Croat 2%, other 7.5%

Religion – Orthodox 72.1%, Muslim 19.1%, Catholic 3.4%, atheist 1.2%, other 4.2%

Monetary Unit – Euro

Natural Resources – bauxite, hydroelectricity

Agriculture – tobacco, potatoes, citrus fruits, olives, grapes; sheep

Industry – steelmaking, aluminum, agricultural processing, consumer goods, tourism

Map of Montenegro

Neighbouring CountriesBosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Kosovo, Albania

Population – 650,036 (2014)

Population Growth Rate – -0.49%

Average Life Expectancy – 74.6

Capital City – Podgorica (population 165,000)

Highest Mountain – Bobotov Kuk (2,522 m)

Longest River – Tara (144 km)

Climate – Mediterranean – cool winters  1°C to 10°C and  hot  summers 15°C to 32°C

Yearly Rainfall – 150 cm approx mostly October to April

Plant Life – Mountain Regions – pine, oak, cypress, ash, beech, birch, maple, olive, juniper, maquis, scrub, thyme, sage, crocus, pyrethrum, flax, violet, gentian, vanilla, alpines

Animal Lifebrown bear,  grey wolf, red deer, roe deer, chamois, pine marten, dormouse, nose-horned viper, adder, lizards, newts

Bird Life – cormorant, ibis, shelduck, pelican, grouse, partridge, goshawk, falcon, griffon vulture, golden eagle, eagle owl, lark, thrush, buzzard, snowfinch, nuthatch


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Montenegro. Available: Last accessed Tuesday, July 19, 2016

Facts and Figures Pages

World Facts
Country Facts