Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina Flag


Bosnia and Herzegovina on World Map

Continent – Europe

Region – Central Europe, non EU member

Size – 51,129 km²

Geography – Mountains and valleys

Language – Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian

Religion – 40%  Muslim, 31% Orthodox,  15% Roman Catholic, 14% other

Monetary Unit – Convertible Mark

Natural Resources – coal, iron ore, bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, cobalt, manganese, nickel, clay, gypsum, salt, sand

Agriculture – wheat, corn, fruits, vegetables; livestock

Industry – steel, coal, iron ore, lead, zinc, manganese, bauxite, vehicle assembly, textiles, tobacco products, wooden furniture, tank and aircraft assembly, domestic appliances, oil refining

Bosnia Herzegovina Map

Neighbouring Countries – Croatia, Serbia, Montenegro

Population – 3,871,643 (2014)

Population Growth Rate – 1.00%

Average Life Expectancy – 78.17

Capital City – Sarajevo (population 369,534)

Highest Mountain – Maglic (2,386m)

Longest River – Bosna (271 km)

Climate – Warm summers 13°C to 27°C and cold winters -3°C to 10°C

Yearly Rainfall – 95cm approx


Plant Life – ferns, flowers, mosses, and common trees

Animal Life – deer, brown bears, rabbits, fox, and wild boars


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Bosnia and Herzegovina. Available: Last accessed Monday, July 18, 2016

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