Flag of Finland


Finland on World map

Continent Europe

Region – Western Europe

Size – 338,145 km²

Geography – flat plains with small hills and lakes

Language – Finnish, Swedish

Religion – 82.5% Lutheran, 15.1% None, 2.4% Other

Monetary Unit – Euro

Natural Resources
– timber, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, nickel, gold, silver, limestone

Agriculture – barley, wheat, sugar beets, potatoes; dairy cattle; fish

Industry – metals and metal products, electronics, machinery and scientific instruments, shipbuilding, pulp and paper, foodstuffs, chemicals, textiles, clothing

Map of Finland

Neighbouring CountriesNorway, Sweden, Russia

Population – 5,268,799 (2014 estimate)

Population Growth Rate – 0.112%

Average Life Expectancy – 79.6

Capital City – Helsinki (621,863)

Highest Mountain – Haltiatunturi (1,328 m)

Longest River – Kemijoki (483 km)

Climate – South and Central region cold, temperate – warm summers 9°C to 22°C and cold winters -10°C to 0° – Northern region cold, Arctic – cool summers 6°C to 17°C and cold winters -18°C to -3°

Yearly Rainfall – South and Central region 70 cm (approx), Northern region 40cm (approx)


Plant Life – pine, spruce, and birch forests, bracken

Animal Lifebrown bear, grey wolf, elk (moose), reindeer, red fox, red squirrel, mountain hare, flying squirrel, Arctic fox

Bird Life – white snowy owl, grey owl, swan, capercaillie, willow warbler, chaffinch, redwing





Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Finland. Available: Last accessed Monday, July 18, 2016

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