South Africa

Flag of South AFrica


South Africa on World Map

Continent Africa

Region – Southern Africa

Size – 1,219,090 km²

Geography – interior plateaux, rugged hills, coastal plain

Language – Isizulu (official) IsiXhosa (official) Afrikaans (official) English (official) other indigenous languages

Religion – Protestant 36.6%, Catholic 7.1%, other Christian 36%, Muslim 1.5%, none 15.1%, other 3.7%

Monetary Unit – South African Rand

Natural Resources – gold, chromium, antimony, coal, iron ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, tin, rare earth elements, uranium, gem diamonds, platinum, copper, vanadium, salt, natural gas

Agriculture – corn, wheat, sugarcane, fruits, vegetables, beef, poultry, mutton, wool, dairy products

Industry – mining (platinum, gold, chromium, diamonds), automobile assembly, metalworking, machinery, textiles, iron, steel, chemicals, fertilizer, foodstuffs

Map of Lesotho

Neighbouring CountriesNamibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Swaziland, Lesotho

Population –  53,675,563 (2015 estimate)

Population Growth Rate – 1.33%

Average Life Expectancy – 62.34

Capital City – Pretoria ( 2.059,000)

Largest City – Johannesburg (9,399,000)

Highest Mountain – Njesuthi (3,408m)

Longest River – Orange (2,200 km in South Africa, Lesotho and Namibia)

Climate – Temperate – mild winters – 7°C to 13°C and warm summers 15°C to 26°C

Yearly Rainfall – 25 cm (approx) mostly May to September

Plant Life –  acacia, savannah grasses, baobab, heather, scrub plants, quiver tree, mangrove, ferns

Animal LifeAardvark, jackal, lion, elephant, wild buffalo, hippopotamus, antelope, salamanders, frogs

Bird Life – ostrich, hornbills, bee-eaters, rollers, kingfishers, hoopoe, woodhoopoe


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2016). South Africa. Available: Last accessed Tuesday, July 19, 2016

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