Botswana Flag


Botswana on World Map

Continent – Africa

Region – Southern Africa

Size – 600,370 km²

Geography – Mainly flat with some hills, Kalahari desert to south-west

Language – 78% Setswana, 7.9% Kalanga, 2.8% Sekgalagadi, 2.1% English, 8.6% other

Religion – 71.6%  Christian, 20.6% none,  6% Badimo

Monetary Unit – Pula

Natural Resources – diamonds, copper, nickel, salt, soda ash, potash, coal, iron ore, silver

Agriculture – livestock, sorghum, maize, millet, beans, sunflowers, groundnuts

Industry – diamonds, copper, nickel, salt, soda ash, potash; livestock processing; textiles

Botswana Map

Neighbouring Countries – Zimbabwe, South Africa, Namibia

Population – 2,155,784 (2014)

Population Growth Rate – 1.50%

Average Life Expectancy – 50.58

Capital City – Gaborone (population 231,626)

Highest Mountain – No mountains – highest point  Tsodilo Hills  (1,489 m)

Longest River – Okavango (1,600 km in Botswana and Namibia)

Climate – Warm winters 5°C to 24°C and hot summers 16°C to 32°C

Yearly Rainfall – 50cm approx


Plant Life – baobab tree, grasses, acacia thornbush

Animal Life – 164 mammal species including lion, leopard, buffalo, rhino, elephant, wildebeest, impala, hippopotamus, giraffe, zebra, 157 reptile species including crocodile, African rock python, leopard tortoise

Aquatic Life – tilapia (African bream), catfish, tigerfish


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Botswana. Available: Last accessed Monday, July 18, 2016

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