Flag of Lesotho


Lesotho on World Map

Continent Africa

Region – Southern Africa

Size – 30,355 km²

Geography – high land with plateaux

Language – Sesotho (official), English (official), Zulu

Religion – Christian 80%, other  20%

Monetary Unit – Lesotho loti

     Natural Resources – water, agricultural land, diamonds, sand, clay, building stone

Agriculture – corn, wheat, pulses, sorghum, barley; livestock

Industry – food, beverages, textiles, apparel assembly, handicrafts, construction, tourism

Map of Lesotho

Neighbouring CountriesSouth Africa

Population –  1,942,008 (2014 estimate)

Population Growth Rate – 0.34%

Average Life Expectancy – 52.65

Capital City – Maseru (239,000)

Highest Mountain – Thabana Ntlenyana (3,482m)

Longest River – Orange (2,200 km in South Africa, Lesotho and Namibia)

Climate – Temperate – cool winters – 0°C to 13°C and warm summers 12°C to 24°C

Yearly Rainfall – 45 cm (approx) mostly November to March

Plant Life – Few trees, grasses, alpine plants

Animal Life – Rhebok, mountain reedbuck, eland, baboons, jackal, mongoose, meerkat, rock hyraxes, snakes

Bird Life – 300 species including  orange-breasted rockjumper, the sentinel rock-thrush, drakensberg siskin, bearded vulture, black eagle, bald ibis


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Lesotho. Available: https://www.naturalhistoryonthenet.com/Facts_Figures/Country_Facts/lesotho.htm. Last accessed Monday, July 18, 2016

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