Flag of Latvia


Latvia on World Map

Continent Europe

Region – Eastern Europe, European Union, Eurozone

Size – 64,589 km²

Geography – low lying plains with hills to the east

Language – Latvian (official), Russian,

Religion – Lutheran 19.6%, Orthodox 15.3%, other and none 65.1%

Monetary Unit – Euro

     Natural Resources – peat, limestone, dolomite, amber, hydropower, timber, arable land

Agriculture – grain, rapeseed, potatoes, vegetables; pork, poultry, milk, eggs, fish

Industry – processed foods, processed wood products, textiles, processed metals, pharmaceuticals, railroad cars, synthetic fibers, electronics

Map of Latvia

Neighbouring CountriesEstonia, Russia, Belarus, Lithuania

Population –  2,165,165 (2014 estimate)

Population Growth Rate – -0.62%

Average Life Expectancy – 73.44

Capital City – Riga (703,260)

Highest Point – Gaizina Kalns (312m)

Longest River – Daugava (1,020 km total, 352km in Latvia)

Climate – maritime – cool winters – -5°C to 4°C and warm summers – 20°C to 25°C

Yearly Rainfall – 80 cm (approx)

Plant Life – Scots pine, Norway spruce, silver birch, downy birch, black alder, grey alder, aspen, common ash,  pedunculate oak, willow, juniper, rowan, hazel, alder buckthorn, bird cherry

Animal Life – wild boar, Eurasian beaver,brown bear, roe deer, red deer, elk, wild boars, foxes, wolves, lynx

Bird Life – stock dove, black stork, pygmy owl, Tengmalm’s owl, middle spotted woodpecker, capercaillie, Ural owl, lesser spotted eagle, spotted eagle, red and black kite, eagle-owl, roller and green woodpecker.


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Latvia. Available: Last accessed Monday, July 18, 2016

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