Guatemala flag


Guatemala on World Map

Continent – North America

Region – Central America

Size – 108,889 km²

Geography – mostly mountains with narrow coastal plains

Language – Spanish 60%, Amerindian 40%

Religion – Roman Catholic, Protestant, indigenous Mayan beliefs

Monetary Unit – Quetzal

Natural Resources
– petroleum, nickel, rare woods, fish, chicle, hydropower

Agriculture – sugarcane, corn, bananas, coffee, beans, cardamom; cattle, sheep, pigs, chickens

Industry – sugar, textiles and clothing, furniture, chemicals, petroleum, metals, rubber, tourism

Guatemala Map

Neighbouring Countries – Mexico, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras

Population – 14,647,083 (2014 estimate)

Population Growth Rate – 1.86%

Average Life Expectancy – 71.74

Capital City – Guatemala City (2,110,100)

Highest Mountain – Volcan Tajumulco (4211 m)

Longest River – Montagua (400 km)

Climate – Tropical – Coastal 25°C to 30°C, highlands 20°C

Yearly Rainfall – North 177 cm (approx) South 508cm (approx)

Plant Life – many plants and flowers, especially the orchid family

Animal Life – armadillo, bear, coyote, deer, fox, jaguar, monkey, puma, tapir, and manatee. 204 species, include the bushmaster, fer-de-lance, water moccasin, and iguana.

Bird Life – quetzal, Atitlán (giant piedbilled) grebe and more than 900 other species of native birds


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Guatemala. Available: Last accessed Monday, July 18, 2016

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