El Salvador

Flag of El Salvador


El Salvador on World Map

Continent – South America

Region – Central America

Size – 21,040 km²

Geography – mountainous with central plateau and coastal plain

Language – Spanish

Religion – 85% Roman Catholic, 17% other

Monetary Unit – U S Dollar

Natural Resources – hydropower, geothermal power, petroleum, arable land

Agriculture – coffee, sugar, corn, rice, beans, oilseed, cotton, sorghum; beef, dairy products; shrimp

Industry – food processing, beverages, petroleum, chemicals, fertilizer, textiles, furniture, light metals

Map of El Salvador

Neighbouring Countries – Guatemala, Honduras

Population – 6,125,512 (2014 estimate)

Population Growth Rate – 1.68%

Average Life Expectancy – 74.18

Capital City – San Salvador (1,605,000 )

Highest Mountain – Cerro El Pital (2,730 m)

Longest River – Rio Lempa (320 km total length)

Climate – tropical, warm and wet 16°C to 34°C

Yearly Rainfall – 180 cm (approx) mostly May to October


Plant Life – pine, oak, mangrove, rubber, dogwood, mahogany, cedar, and walnut trees, balsam, tropical fruit, medicinal plants,

Animal Life – monkey, jaguar, coyote, tapir, armadillo, snakes including boa constrictor

Bird Life – many bird species including parrots

Fish Aquatic Life – many fish species, turtles, iguanas, crocodiles, and alligators


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). El Salvador. Available: https://www.naturalhistoryonthenet.com/Facts_Figures/Country_Facts/elsalvador.htm. Last accessed Monday, July 18, 2016

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