Sierra Leone

Flag of Sierra Leone


Sierra Leone on World Map

Continent – Africa

Region – Western Africa

Size – 71,740 km²

Geography – Cosatal swamps with plateau and eastern mountains

Language – English (official), ethnic languages

Religion – Muslim 60%, Christian 10%, indigenous beliefs 30%

Monetary Unit – Sierra Leonean leone

Natural Resources – diamonds, titanium ore, bauxite, iron ore, gold, chromite

Agriculture – rice, coffee, cocoa, palm kernels, palm oil, peanuts; poultry, cattle, sheep, pigs; fish

Industry – diamond mining; iron ore, rutile and bauxite mining; small-scale manufacturing (beverages, textiles, cigarettes, footwear); petroleum refining, small commercial ship repair

Map of Sierra Leone

Neighbouring Countries – Guinea, Liberia

Population –  5,879,098 (2015 estimate)

Population Growth Rate – 2.35%

Average Life Expectancy – 57.79

Capital City – Freetown (1,007,000)

Highest Mountain – Loma Mansa (1,948m)

Longest River – Moa (425 km)

Climate – Tropical – 24°C to 34°C all year

Yearly Rainfall – 356 cm (approx) mostly June to October

Plant Life – Savanna grassland, mangrove swamp, oil palm, cotton tree, red ironwood tree

Animal Life – crocodiles, hippopotamus, elephant, antelope, monkey, baboon, chimpanzee, leopard, hyena, turtles

Bird Life – emerald cuckoo, Senegal firefinch, common bulbul, little African swift, Didric cuckoo, bronze manakin, cattle egret, African harrier hawk, Savanna sparrow


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Sierra Leone. Available: Last accessed Tuesday, July 19, 2016

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