Republic of Colombia

Colombia Flag


Colombia on World Map

Continent South America

Size – 1,138,910 km²

Geography – flat coastal lowlands, central highlands, Andes mountains, eastern lowland plains

Language – Spanish

Religion – 90% Roman Catholic, 10% other

Monetary Unit – Peso


Natural Resources – petroleum, natural gas, coal, iron ore, nickel, gold, copper, emeralds

Agriculture – coffee, cut flowers, bananas, rice, tobacco, corn, sugarcane, cocoa beans, oilseed, vegetables; forest products; shrimp

Industry – textiles, food processing, oil, clothing and footwear, beverages, chemicals, cement; gold, coal, emeralds

Colombia Map

Neighbouring CountriesVenezuela, Brazil, Peru, Ecuador

Population – 46,245,297 (2014 estimate)

Population Growth Rate – 1.43%

Average Life Expectancy – 72.2

Capital City – Bogota (7,878,783)

Highest Mountain – Pico Cristobal Colon (5,775 m)

Longest River – Magdalena (1,540 km)

Climate – Coast and eastern plains – Tropical, warm and wet 23°C to 32°C,  northern highlands cooler 9°C to 19°C

Yearly Rainfall –  Coast and eastern plains – 708 cm (approx),  northern highlands – 105cm (approx)

Plant Life – More than 45000 plant species including grasses, small herbaceous plants, low bushes, vegetables, fruits, corn, grasses, mosses, ferns, laurel, cedar, palm trees

Animal Life – puma, raccoons, mustelids, tapir, peccary, deer, large tropical rodents, sloths, anteaters, opossums, and several types of monkey

Bird Life – More than 1,500 bird species


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Colombia. Available: Last accessed Monday, July 18, 2016

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