African Lion

African lion

Scientific Name – Panthera Leo

Classification – Carnivore

Gender Names – Male – Lion; Female – Lioness;  Baby – Cub

Collective Noun – Pride

Average Height – 1.2 m (4 feet)

Average Length – 1.5 – 2.4 m (5 – 8 feet)

Average Weight – Males – 150-227 kg (330-550Ibs) Females – 120-190 kg (260-400Ibs)

Top Speed – 80 km/h (50 mph)

Life Expectancy – 13-18 years in wild; 25-30 years in captivity

Mating Season – No specific time

Pregnancy – 100-120 days.

Special Features – Male lions have a mane which darkens with age, eventually turning dark brown.

Family Unit – Lions live in groups called a pride consisting of female lions and their cubs. Sometimes a male will join a pride but others prefer to remain solitary. Female lions do all the hunting and are the food providers while any males will defend the group.

African lions distribution on World Map

Geographical Distribution – Sub-Saharan Africa (Central and Southern Africa)

World Population – 16,500 – 47,000

Conservation Status – Vulnerable

Natural Habitat – Grassy plains, Savannas, Semi-deserts

Diet – Carnivore (meat eater) – giraffe, buffalo, antelope, zebra, wildebeest, wild hogs

Predators – Adults – man; Babies – rival male lions, other predators.

 

Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). African Lion. Available: http://www.naturalhistoryonthenet.com/Mammals/african_lion.htm. Last accessed Monday, July 18, 2016

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