Puerto Rico

Flag of Puerto Rico


Puerto Rico on World Map

Continent North America

Region – Caribbean

Size – 13,791 km²

Geography – mountainous with northern coastal plain

Language – Spanish, English,

Religion – Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant 15%

Monetary Unit
– United States Dollar

Natural Resources – copper, nickel

Agriculture – sugarcane, coffee, pineapples, plantains, bananas; livestock products, chickens

Industry – pharmaceuticals, electronics, apparel, food products, tourism

Puerto Rico Map

Neighbouring Countries – None

Population – 3,598,357 (2015 estimate)

Population Growth Rate -0.6%

Average Life Expectancy – 79.25

Capital City – San Juan (2,463,000)

Highest Mountain – Cerro de Punta (1,338m)

Longest River – Rio de la Plata (97 km)

Climate – tropical, hot, 21°C to 27°C

Yearly Rainfall – Northern coast – 16 cm (approx), Southern region 90cm (approx), mountains 300 cm (approx)


Plant Life – nutmeg, satinwood, Spanish elm, and Spanish cedar, butterfly tree, African tulip, flamboyán

Animal Life – no native animals but horses, cattle, cats, and dogs have been introduced, gecko, boa, iguana

Bird Life – thrushes, orioles, grosbeaks, hummingbirds, yellow-shouldered blackbird, parrots

Marine Life – tropical fish, crabs, and corals


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Puerto Rico. Available: https://www.naturalhistoryonthenet.com/Facts_Figures/Country_Facts/puerto_rico.htm. Last accessed Tuesday, July 19, 2016

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