Myanmar (formerly Burma)

flag of myanmar


Burma Myanmar on World Map

Continent – Asia

Region – South-east Asia

Size – 678,500 km²

Geography – Central lowlands surrounded by highlands

Language – Burmese

Religion – 89%  Buddhist, 4% Christian, 4% Islam, 3% other

Monetary Unit – Kyat

Natural Resources
– petroleum, timber, tin, antimony, zinc, copper, tungsten, lead, coal, some marble, limestone, precious stones, natural gas

Agriculture – rice, pulses, beans, sesame, groundnuts, sugarcane; hardwood; fish and fish products

Industry – agricultural processing; wood and wood products; copper, tin, tungsten, iron; cement, construction materials; pharmaceuticals; fertilizer; natural gas; garments, jade and gems

Map of Burma (Myanmar)

Neighbouring Countries – India, China, Laos, Thailand

Population – 55,746,253 (2014 estimate)

Population Growth Rate – 0.81%

Average Life Expectancy – 62.49

Capital City – Nay Pyi Taw (1,558,367)

Largest City – Yangon (formerly Rangoon) (population 5,209,541)

Highest Mountain – Hkakabo Razi (5,881 m)

Longest River – Ayeyarwady (2,170 m)

Climate – Monsoon – hot, humid, cloudy, wet summers – 24°C to 36°C, mild, dry winters – 18°C to 30°C

Yearly Rainfall – 320 cm (approx)


Plant Life – evergreen forest, teak, bamboo, palm, mangrove, swamp plants, scrub vegetation

Animal Life – monkeys, tigers, leopards, elephants, wild dogs




Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Myanmar (Burma). Available: Last accessed Tuesday, July 19, 2016

Facts and Figures Pages

World Facts
Country Facts