Flag of Malawi


Malawi on World Map

Continent – Africa

Region – Southern

Size – 118,484 km²

Geography – plateau, plains, hills and mountains

Language – English (official), Chichewa

Religion – Christian 82.6%, Muslim 13%, Other4.4%

Monetary Unit – Malawian kwacha

Natural Resources – limestone, arable land, hydropower, unexploited deposits of uranium, coal, and bauxite

Agriculture – tobacco, sugarcane, cotton, tea, corn, potatoes, cassava (manioc, tapioca), sorghum, pulses, groundnuts, Macadamia nuts; cattle, goats

Industry – tobacco, tea, sugar, sawmill products, cement, consumer goods

Map of Malawi

Neighbouring Countries – Tanzania, Mozambique, Zambia

Population –  17,377,468 (2014 estimate)

Population Growth Rate – 3.33%

Average Life Expectancy – 59.99

Capital City – Lilongwe (867,000)

Highest Mountain – Sapitwa (3,002m)

Longest River – Shire (402 km)

Climate – sub-tropical – lower regions – 25°C, mountainous regions hot summers 17°C to 29°C and warm winters 7°C to 24°C

Yearly Rainfall – 100 cm (approx) mostly in winter months

Plant Life – bamboo, cedar, evergreens, grassland, mopane, baobab, acacia

Animal Life – elephant, giraffe, zebra, lion, buffalo, hippopotamus, wildebeast, antelope, baboon, monkey, hyena, badger, warthog

Bird Life – grebes, pelicans, cormorants, darters, herons, bitterns, egrets, hammertop, stork, ibis, spoonbills, flamingos, storks, geese, osprey, eagles, kites, hawks, secretary bird, falcon, quail

Reptile Life – Crocodile, tortoise, marsh terrapin, chameleon, lizard, snakes

Fish Life – bream, bass, catfish, mudfish, perch, carp, trout



Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Malawi. Available: Last accessed Tuesday, July 19, 2016

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