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Indonesia on World Map

Continent Asia

Region – South-East Asia

Size – 1,904,569 km²

Geography – archipelago of 17,508 islands, mostly coastal lowlands; larger islands have interior mountains

Language – Bahasa Indonesia, English, Dutch, local dialects

Religion – Muslim 86.1%, Protestant 5.7%, Roman Catholic 3%, Hindu 1.8%, other or unspecified 3.4%

Monetary Unit – Rupiah

    Natural Resources – petroleum, tin, natural gas, nickel, timber, bauxite, copper, fertile soils, coal, gold, silver

Agriculture – rice, cassava (tapioca), peanuts, rubber, cocoa, coffee, palm oil, copra; poultry, beef, pork, eggs

Industry – petroleum and natural gas, textiles, footwear, mining, cement, chemical fertilizers, plywood, rubber, food, tourism

Indonesia Map

Neighbouring Countries – East Timor, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea

Population –   253,609,643 (2014 estimate)

Population Growth Rate – 0.95%

Average Life Expectancy – 72.17 years

Capital City – Jakarta (9,769,000)

Highest Mountain – Puncak Jaya (5,030m)

Longest River – Kapuas River (1,143km)

– tropical, humid climate  25°C to 27°C,

Yearly Rainfall – 180 – 320cm (approx) in lowlands and 610cm (approx) in the mountain areas.

Plant Life – rain forest vegetation, hill forest and mountain forest trees, sub alpine shrubs including teak, pinewood and bamboo

Animal Life – different species found on different islands include orangutan, monkey, elephant, tapir, wild ox, reptiles and amphibians

Bird Life – many different species

Marine Life – wide variety of marine species inhabit surrounding coral


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Indonesia. Available: Last accessed Monday, July 18, 2016

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