Flag of Iceland


Iceland on World Map

Continent Europe

Region – Western Europe

Size – 103,000km²

Geography – plateau with mountain peaks, icefields

Language – Icelandic, English, Nordic languages, German

Religion -Lutheran Church of Iceland 80.7%, Roman Catholic Church 2.5%, other 16.8%

Monetary Unit -Icelandic króna


Natural Resources – fish, hydropower, geothermal power

Agriculture – potatoes, green vegetables; mutton, chicken, pork, beef, dairy products; fish

Industry -fish processing; aluminium smelting, geothermal power, hydropower, tourism

Iceland Map

Neighbouring Countries –  none (island)

Population –   317,351 (2014 estimate)

Population Growth Rate – 0.65%

Average Life Expectancy – 81.22 years

Capital City – Reykjavík (208,710)

Highest Mountain – Hvannadalshnukur (2,110m)

Longest River – Þjórsá (230 Km)

Climate – mild, windy winters – -2°C to 5°C; damp, cool summers – 5°C to 14°C,

Yearly Rainfall – 457 cm (approx)

Plant Life – ash, aspen, birch, willow, heather, grasses, mosses and 340+ flower species

Animal Life – wild reindeer, fox

Bird Life – eiderduck, ptarmigan, swan, eagle, falcon, and gannet

Marine Life –  whales, seals, dolphins, porpoise, cod, haddock, herring


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Iceland. Available: Last accessed Monday, July 18, 2016

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