Southern Toad

Southern Toad

Scientific Name – Anaxyrus terrestris

Classification – Bufonidae

Baby Name – Tadpole

Collective Noun – Knot, lump, nest, or knob

Average Length – Up to 9.2 cm (3.6 in)

Average Weight – 19 g (0.67 oz)

Life Expectancy – Around 10 years in captivity

Breeding Season – February to October

Incubation Period – 2 to 4 days

Metamorphosis Period – 30 to 55 days

Special Features – Medium-sized and plump; distinct knobs on the head and backward-pointing spur extending to the paratoid glands; upper surface is covered with warts

Family Unit –Solitary except during the breeding season

Geographical Distribution – Southeastern United States

World Population – Stable

Conservation Status – Least Concern

Natural Habitat – Around coastal plains, mixed forest environments, pinewoods, agricultural fields, backyards

Diet – Invertebrates like ants, spiders, beetles, other insects

Predators – Two-toed amphiuma, Giant water bugs, snakes, cane toad