Cane Toad

Cane Toad

Scientific Name – Rhinella marina

Classification – Bufonidae

Baby Name – Tadpole

Collective Noun – Knot, lump, nest, or knob

Average Length – 10 to15 cm; largest recorded specimen measures 24 cm (9.4 in)

Average Weight – Largest recorded specimen measures 1.3 kg

Life Expectancy – 10 to 15 years (in wild); up to 35 years (in captivity)

Breeding Season – Anytime of the year

Incubation Period – 1 to 3 days

Metamorphosis Period – 1 to 2 months

Special Features – Dry and warty skin; marked ridges above the eyes running down the snout; a large parotid gland appears at the back of each eye; base of the toes have fleshy webbing

Family Unit – Lives in groups during the day and is solitary at night

Geographical Distribution – United States, Central America, and tropical South America (native); Oceania, Caribbean and northern Australia (introduced)

World Population – Increasing

Conservation Status – Least Concern

Natural Habitat – Subtropical forests, open clearings in urban areas, grassland, woodland

Diet – Insects, beetles, ants, winged termites, honey bees, crickets, bugs, small rodents, birds, smaller toads

Predators – Caimans, snakes, fish