Red Backed Salamander

Red Backed Salamander

Scientific Name – Plethodon cinereus

Classification – Plethodontidae

Baby Name – Efts

Collective Noun – Congress, band or maelstrom

Average Length – 5.7 to 10.0 cm

Average Weight – 0.5 g

 Speed – Can move fast

Life Expectancy – Around 25 years in captivity

Mating Season – June – July

Incubation Period – 6 – 8 weeks

Special Features – To guard their limited food supply, it marks territories by leaving their droppings and scent marks on the ground; other salamanders get clues from these markings about each other’s territorial boundaries as well as size and the status of the salamanders occupying the area

Family Unit – Their kin selection behavior is exhibited when adults holding territories allow juveniles access to their territories especially during the dry season when foraging is hard to come by. It uses olfactory communication to recognize its  kin

Geographical Distribution – Eastern United States and Canada

World Population – Unknown

Conservation Status – Least Concern

Natural Habitat – Under logs, stones, moss, and other debris on the floor of deciduous, evergreen, or mixed forest; found in plenty in areas with a lot of moisture

Diet – Mites, spiders, insects, millipedes, centipedes, beetles, ants, snails, earthworms, flies, larvae

Predators – Snakes, blue jays, American robins, American crows, striped skunks, raccoons, Virginia opossums, large frogs