Plains Spadefoot Toad

Plains Spadefoot Toad

Scientific Name – Spea bombifrons

Classification – Scaphiopodidae

Baby Name – Tadpole

Collective Noun – Knot, lump, nest, or knob

Average Length – 1.5 to 2.5 in

Average Weight – Around 30 g

Life Expectancy – Up to 13 years

Breeding Season – Between May and August

Incubation Period – 2 days

Metamorphosis Period – 2 weeks

Special Features – Possess round body with relatively short legs; color ranges from tannish to dark brownish with orange spots; possess a prominent, sharp, spade-shaped black tubercle on each of its back feet; have a raised bone between the eyes

Family Unit – Not known

Geographical Distribution – Canada, United States, Mexico

World Population – Stable

Conservation Status – Least Concern

Natural Habitat – Arid grasslands, savannas, loess hills, sandhills, semi-desert and desert scrub

Diet – Feed on small invertebrates such as flies, moths, beetles, stink bugs, spiders

Predators – Owls, prairie rattlesnakes, rodents