Northern Leopard Frog

Northern Leopard Frog

Scientific Name – Lithobates pipiens

Classification – Ranidae

Baby Name – Tadpole, polliwog, froglet

Collective Noun – Army, colony

Average Length –11 cm (snout to vent length)

Average Weight –16 – 80 g (0.56 – 2.82 oz)

Life Expectancy – 2 to 4 years

Breeding Season – March to June

Incubation Period – Around 9 days

Metamorphosis Period – 3 to 6 months

Special Features – Possess elongated and powerful legs that allow it to leap five to six feet to avoid predators; have webbed digits which help it to swim fast to catch prey and avoid being eaten

Family Unit – Solitary except during the breeding season

Geographical Distribution – Canada and the United States

World Population – Decreasing

Conservation Status – Least Concern

Natural Habitat – Near streams, ponds, lakes, rivers, marshes, places with slow moving water and plenty of vegetation

Diet – Insects like beetles, ants, leafhoppers; also feed on pillbugs, slugs, snails, smaller frogs

Predators – Fish, large salamanders, raccoons, skunks, snakes, mink, bullfrogs, herons, hawks