Fire Salamander

Fire Salamander

Scientific Name – Salamandra salamandra

Classification – Carnivore

Baby Name – Efts

Collective Noun – Congress, band or maelstrom

Average Length – 15 – 25 cm

Average Weight – 40 g

Speed – Can move quickly

Life Expectancy – More than 40 years

Mating Season – Summer

Gestation Period – Around 1 year

Special Features – Have a vanilla scent; spends much of its time in shady crevices, under logs, or other spots that will provide protection and moisture; Possess glands that produces toxic liquid which they spray at predators to defend themselves

Family Unit – Generally solitary

Geographical Distribution – Southern and central Europe

World Population – Unknown

Conservation Status – Least Concern

Natural Habitat – Forests, hilly areas

Diet – Insects, spiders, earthworms, slugs; occasionally newts and young frogs

Predators – Crayfish, giant water bugs, birds, frogs, fish, snakes, skunks, shrews, raccoons,  other small mammals