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Indonesia on World Map

Continent - Asia

Region - South-East Asia

Size - 1,904,569 km

Geography - archipelago of 17,508 islands, mostly coastal lowlands; larger islands have interior mountains

Language - Bahasa Indonesia, English, Dutch, local dialects

Religion - Muslim 86.1%, Protestant 5.7%, Roman Catholic 3%, Hindu 1.8%, other or unspecified 3.4%

Monetary Unit - Rupiah

    Natural Resources - petroleum, tin, natural gas, nickel, timber, bauxite, copper, fertile soils, coal, gold, silver

Agriculture - rice, cassava (tapioca), peanuts, rubber, cocoa, coffee, palm oil, copra; poultry, beef, pork, eggs

Industry - petroleum and natural gas, textiles, footwear, mining, cement, chemical fertilizers, plywood, rubber, food, tourism

Indonesia Map

Neighbouring Countries - East Timor, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea

Population -   253,609,643 (2014 estimate)

Population Growth Rate - 0.95%

Average Life Expectancy - 72.17 years

Capital City - Jakarta (9,769,000)

Highest Mountain - Puncak Jaya (5,030m)

Longest River - Kapuas River (1,143km)

- tropical, humid climate  25C to 27C,

Yearly Rainfall - 180 - 320cm (approx) in lowlands and 610cm (approx) in the mountain areas.  

Plant Life - rain forest vegetation, hill forest and mountain forest trees, sub alpine shrubs including teak, pinewood and bamboo

Animal Life - different species found on different islands include orangutan, monkey, elephant, tapir, wild ox, reptiles and amphibians

Bird Life - many different species

Marine Life - wide variety of marine species inhabit surrounding coral


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Indonesia. Available: Last accessed


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Updated 19/03/2015

by Heather Y Wheeler

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