Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka Flag


Sri Lanka on World Map

Continent Asia

Region – Southern Asia

Size – 66,610 km²

Geography – mostly flat rolling plains, some hills in the south

Language – Sinhala 74%, Tamil 18% other 8%

Religion – Buddhist 70.2%, Hindu 12.6%, Muslim 9.7%, Roman Catholic 6.1%, other 1.4%

Monetary Unit – Sri Lankan Rupee

Natural Resources – limestone, graphite, mineral sands, gems, phosphates, clay, hydropower, arable land

Agriculture – rice, sugarcane, grains, pulses, oilseed, spices, vegetables, fruit, tea, rubber, coconuts, milk, eggs, hides, beef, fish

Industry – processing of rubber, tea, coconuts, tobacco, telecommunications, insurance, banking, tourism, shipping, clothing, textiles, cement, petroleum refining, information technology services, construction

India Map

Neighbouring Countries – None

Population –   22,053,488 (2015 estimate)

Population Growth Rate – 0.84%

Average Life Expectancy – 76.56 years

Capital City – Colombo (707,000)

Highest Mountain – Pidurutalagala (2,524 m)

Longest River – Mahaweli (335 km)

Climate – subtropical 22°C to 35°C

Yearly Rainfall – 210 cm approx

Plant Life – teak, ebony, ferns, bamboo, palm, satinwood, jak trees, orchids

Animal Life – elephants, leopards, bears, monkeys, deer, sloth bear, dugong, wild boar, porcupine,

Bird Life – Ceylon grackle, Ceylon whistling thrush, yellow-eared bulbul, redfaced malkoha, ducks, storks, herons, egrets, flamingos


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2016). Sri Lanka. Available: Last accessed Tuesday, July 19, 2016

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