Flag of Madagascar


Madagascar on World Map

Continent Africa

Region – Indian Ocean Islands

Size – 587,041 km²

Geography – mountainous with coastal plain

Language – French (official), Malagasy (official), English

Religion – Indigenous 52%, Christian 41%, Muslim 7%

Monetary Unit – Malagasy ariary

     Natural Resources – graphite, chromite, coal, bauxite, rare earth elements, salt, quartz, tar sands, semiprecious stones, mica, fish, hydropower

Agriculture – coffee, vanilla, sugarcane, cloves, cocoa, rice, cassava, manioc, tapioca, beans, bananas, peanuts, livestock products

Industry – meat processing, seafood, soap, beer, leather, sugar, textiles, glassware, cement, automobile assembly plant, paper, petroleum, tourism, mining

Map of Madagascar

Neighbouring Countries – None

Population –  23,201,926 (2014 estimate)

Population Growth Rate – 2.62%

Average Life Expectancy – 65.2

Capital City – Antananarivo (2,487,000)

Highest Mountain – Maromokotro (2,876m)

Longest River – Betsiboka (525km)

Climate – tropical – warm winters – 15°C to 26°C and hot summers 23°C to 32°C

Yearly Rainfall – 10 cm (approx)

Plant Life – deciduous trees, mangrove, orchids, ravinala, baobabs, pitcher plant

Animal Life – lemurs including ring-tailed lemur, chameleon, geckos, turtles, tortoises,

Bird Life – vanga, couas, eagles, kestrals, falcons, owls, storks, flamingo, herons, egrets, cormorants, ibises, ducks, water hens





Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Madagascar. Available: Last accessed Tuesday, July 19, 2016

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