Continent – Oceania

Region – Polynesia

Size – 748km2

Geography – Consists of 169 islands; most are limestone base while others are volcanic base with limestone cover

Language – Tongan, English

Religion – 41%  Free Wesleyan Church of Tonga, 16% Roman Catholic Church, 14%  Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons), 12%  Free Church of Tonga, 17%  other groups

Monetary Unit – Paʻanga (TOP)

Natural Resources – Fish, fertile soil

Agriculture – Squash, coconuts, bananas, vanilla beans, copra, coffee, ginger, cocoa, black pepper, fish

Industry – Tourism, construction, fishing

Neighboring Countries – None (island country)

Population – 103,036 (2011 census)

Population Growth Rate – 0.4%

Capital City – Nukuʻalofa (population 23,658)

Highest Mountain – Highest point: unnamed location on Kao island (1,033 m)

Yearly Rainfall – 1600 mm (average)

Plant Life – Coconut palms, banana groves, pandanus, hibiscus, frangipani

Animal Life – Flying foxes (old world fruit bat)

Bird Life – 73 species including cuckoos, doves, pigeons, heron, passerines, owls, scrub fowls, terns,

Aquatic Life – Dolphins, humpback whales, manta rays, giant clams, sea turtles, more than 100 species of tropical and flying fish

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