Yosemite Toad

Yosemite Toad

Scientific Name – Anaxyrus canorus

Classification – Bufonidae

Baby Name – Tadpole

Collective Noun – Knot, lump, nest, or knob

Average Length – 4.5 to 7.5 cm

Life Expectancy – At least 15 years

Breeding Season – May to middle of August

Incubation Period – 10 to 12 days

Metamorphosis Period – 7 to 9 weeks

Special Features – Small in size, wide parotid glands; males are olive green to yellow green with small dark spots while females  have large dark spots against a gray or brown background; size difference between males and females are the largest among other North American toads

Family Unit – Solitary barring the breeding season

Geographical Distribution – California (United States)

World Population – Decreasing

Conservation Status – Endangered

Natural Habitat – Montane meadows, sub-alpine meadows, riparian areas, surrounding forest matrix

Diet – Beetles, ants, bees, wasps, spiders, flies, millipedes

Predators – Mountain yellow-legged frogs, foothill yellow-legged frogs, garter snakes, birds