Strawberry Poison Dart Frog

Strawberry Poison Dart Frog

Scientific Name – Oophaga pumilio

Classification – Dendrobatidae

Baby Name – Tadpole, polliwog, froglet

Collective Noun – Army, colony

Average Length – 0.69–0.87 in

Life Expectancy – Up to 17 years in captivity

Breeding Season – May breed year-round

Incubation Period – 10 to 14 days

Metamorphosis Period – 30 to 52 days

Special Features –  Bilaterally symmetrical; males and females are similar in size and appearance; it derives toxins from its diet which it ejects through its skin to defend against predators

Family Unit – Both male and female exhibit parental care as males guard and water the nests to ensure eggs are hydrated whereas females feed the tadpoles; after hatching, the females carry the tadpoles on its back to some water-filled location and take care of it

Geographical Distribution – Central America

World Population – Unknown

Conservation Status – Least Concern

Natural Habitat – Humid lowlands, premontane forest, rainforest, plantations

Diet – Insects like ants, flies, mites, beetles, millipedes, formicine ants

Predators – Night ground snakes