Southern Leopard Frog

Southern Leopard Frog

Scientific Name – Lithobates sphenocephalus

Classification – Ranidae

Baby Name – Tadpole, polliwog, froglet

Collective Noun – Army, colony

Average Length – Up to 13 cm

Life Expectancy – 3 years

Breeding Season – Winter and spring; sometimes fall

Incubation Period – 4 to14 days

Metamorphosis Period – 50 to 75 days

Special Features – The forelimbs of the males are larger than the females; breeding males possess vocal sacs;  have narrow pointed head

Family Unit – Solitary animal outside the breeding season when they gather in large breeding colonies

Geographical Distribution – United States

World Population – Stable

Conservation Status – Least Concern

Natural Habitat – Shallow freshwater areas, brackish marshes along the coast, also found in areas which are some distance away from water with enough vegetation and moisture

Diet – Insects and small invertebrates

Predators – Fish, skunks, raccoons, aquatic snakes