Mississippi Gopher Frog

Mississippi Gopher Frog

Scientific Name – Lithobates sevosus

Classification – Ranidae

Baby Name – Tadpole, polliwog, froglet

Collective Noun – Army, colony

Average Length – Around 3 in (8 cm)

Life Expectancy – 6 to 10 years

Breeding Season – Between December and April

Incubation Period – Not known

Metamorphosis Period – 81 to 179 days

Special Features – Color ranges from dark brown or black upper surface covered with dark spots and warts; spends most of its life in or near underground burrows of other animals; secretes milky fluid from its warty glands as a defense mechanism

Family Unit – Solitary except during the breeding season

Geographical Distribution – Southern United States

World Population – Decreasing

Conservation Status – Critically Endangered

Natural Habitat – Upland, sandy longleaf pine forest; breeding habitats include shallow, temporary ponds

Diet – Frogs, toads, spiders, insects, earthworms

Predators – Birds, mammals, reptiles