Eastern American Toad

Eastern American Toad

Scientific Name – Anaxyrus americanus americanus

Classification – Bufonidae

Baby Name – Tadpole

Collective Noun – Knot, lump, nest, or knob

Average Length – 5–9 cm (2.0–3.5 in); largest recorded specimen measures 11.1 cm (4.4 in)

Life Expectancy – Some specimens live more than 30 years

Breeding Season – Late March to early May

Incubation Period – 1 week

Metamorphosis Period – Around 2 months

Special Features – Color ranges from yellow to black to brown, from solid to spotted; the spots may contain one or two warts; possess enlarged warts on the lower leg; have nil to very few markings

Family Unit – Solitary except during the breeding season

Geographical Distribution – United States

World Population – Unknown

Conservation Status – Least Concern

Natural Habitat – Forests, flat grassland

Diet – Crickets, earthworms, mealworms, ants, slugs, spiders, centipedes, moths, other small invertebrates

Predators – Snakes, birds, raccoons