California Red Legged Frog

California Red Legged Frog

Scientific Name – Rana draytonii

Classification – Ranidae

Baby Name – Tadpole, polliwog, froglet

Collective Noun – Army, colony

Average Length – 4.4–14 cm (1.7–5.5 in)

Life Expectancy – 8 to 10 years (in wild); 12 to 13 years (n captivity)

Breeding Season – November through April

Incubation Period – 6 to 14 days

Metamorphosis Period – 3.5 to 7 months

Special Features – Possess folds on the sides of the upper surface extending from the eye to the hip; color ranges from brown, olive, grey, or reddish upper side with black spots; a dark musk with a whitish border appears above the upper jaw; black and red or yellow spots in the groin; lower part of the underside and the undersides of the hind legs are red

Family Unit – Solitary except during the breeding season

Geographical Distribution – The United States, Mexico

World Population – Unknown, but estimated to be more than 10,000

Conservation Status – Vulnerable

Natural Habitat – Dense, shrubby or emergent riparian vegetation in the vicinity of deep, still or slow-moving waters

Diet – Insects, worms, spiders, vertebrates such as small tree frogs and small mice

Predators – Birds, raccoons, snakes, American bullfrog (invasive)