Horse

Horse Equus caballus

Scientific Name – Equus caballus (domesticated), equus ferus (wild horse)

Classification – Ungulates

Gender Names – Male – stallion; Female – mare;

Collective Nouns – drove, herd, stable, string, team, troop

Average Height –  14 to 16 hands -142 to 163 cm (56 to 64 inches)

Average Length – 2.5 metres (8 feet)

Average Weight – 380 to 550 kg (840 to 1,200 lb)

Speed – 45 – 70 kph (30 – 45mph)

Life Expectancy – 25 – 30 years


Mating Season – 
Spring

Pregnancy – 11 months and 11 days

Special Features – Horses found in the wild today are descendants of domesticated horses that have run free and adapted to living wild in herds. The only breed never domesticated is the Przewalski horse.

horse distribution on World MapFamily Unit – wild horses live in herds that consist of a number of mares, a single stallion, and foals and colts of a wide age span. The stallion is responsible for leading the herd to safe watering and feeding grounds and for protecting the females and young from predators.

Geographical Distribution – Domesticated – worldwide. Wild –

World Population – 60 – 65 million

Conservation Status – Przewalski horse is endangered

Natural Habitat –  grassland and meadows

Diet – Grasses, herbs and plant materials form a major part of the diet.

Predators – Cougars, bobcats, coyotes, and bears

 

Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Horse. Available: http://www.naturalhistoryonthenet.com/Mammals/horse.htm. Last accessedMonday, July 18, 2016

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