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Flag of Ghana


Map showing position of Ghana in the world

Continent - Africa

Region - Western Africa

Size - 238,533 km

Geography - low plains

Language - English, African dialects

Religion - 53% Protestant, 15% Roman Catholic, 16% Muslim, 16% other

Monetary Unit - Cedi

Natural Resources - gold, timber, industrial diamonds, bauxite, manganese, fish, rubber, hydropower, petroleum, silver, salt, limestone

Agriculture - cocoa, rice, cassava (tapioca), peanuts, corn, shea nuts, bananas; timber

Industry - mining, lumbering, light manufacturing, aluminum smelting, food processing, cement, small commercial ship building Ghana map

Neighbouring Countries - Cote d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Togo

Population - 25,758,108 (2014 estimate)

Population Growth Rate - 2.19%

Average Life Expectancy - 60.75

Capital City - Accra (2,291,352)

Highest Mountain - Mount Afadjato (855 m)

Longest River - Volta - man-made (1,600 km)

Climate - Tropical - hot temperatures 23C to 31C

Yearly Rainfall - 72 cm (approx) mostly in May and June

Plant Life - African mahogany, cedar or giant cotton plant, savannah grassland and shrubs

Animal Life - antelope, leopard, chimpanzee, lion, baboon, monkey

Bird Life -parrot, hornbill, vulture, eagle, kingfisher, woodpecker


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Ghana. Available: Last accessed


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Updated 19/03/2015

by Heather Y Wheeler

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