Brazil

Brazil Flag

 

Brazil on World Map

Continent – South America

Size – 8,511,965 km²

Geography – Mainly flat with some hills in the north

Language – Portuguese (official), Spanish, English, French

Religion – 73.6%  Roman Catholic, 15.4% Protestant, 7.4% None, 3.4% Other

Monetary Unit – Real

Natural Resources – bauxite, gold, iron ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, platinum, tin, uranium, petroleum, timber

Agriculture – coffee, soybeans, wheat, rice, corn, sugarcane, cocoa, citrus; beef

Industry – textiles, shoes, chemicals, cement, lumber, iron ore, tin, steel, aircraft, motor vehicles and parts, other machinery and equipment

Map of Brazil

Neighbouring Countries – Uruguay, Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana

Population – 202,656,788 (2014)

Population Growth Rate – 1.00%

Average Life Expectancy – 72.24

Capital City – Brasilia (population 2,852,372)

Most Populated City – Sao Paulo (population 11,895,893)

Highest Mountain – Pico da Neblina (3,014 m)

Longest River – Amazon (6,400  km)

Climate – Amazon region – tropical – 27°C to 32°C, central Brazil – 13°C to 32°C all year, east coast – 22°C to 32°C all year, southern region – mild winters 9°C to 20°C and hot summers 16°C to 31°C

Yearly Rainfall – Amazon region 180cm approx, central region 160cm approx mostly in October to March, east coast 220cm mostly in December to May, southern region 110cm approx

 

Plant Life – Euphorbiaceae (rubber) tree, mangroves, cocoa tree, dwarf palm, pineapple, fig, custard apple, mango, banana, guava, caju, coconut, jack-fruit tree, orange, sugar, cotton, grasses, shrubland, Brazil nut trees, brazilwood, myriad palm, ceiba, vines and creepers, rosewood, orchids, water lilies

Animal Life – 750 mammal species  including puma, jaguar, ocelot, rare bush dog, fox,  peccary, tapir, anteater, sloth, opossum, armadillo, deer, monkey species. Reptile species include lizards, snakes, turtles, crocodiles, alligators and caimans.

Bird Life – 1,500 species of birds including macaws, toucans, parrots

Aquatic Life – 2,000 fish species including piranha, turtles, tropical fish

 

Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Brazil. Available: http://www.naturalhistoryonthenet.com/Facts_Figures/Country_Facts/brazil.htm. Last accessed Monday, July 18, 2016

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